Constructivist pedagogy is a teaching approach that emphasizes the active participation of learners in their own learning process. The underlying theory of constructivism is that learners construct knowledge and meaning from their experiences, rather than receiving knowledge passively from an external source. Therefore, constructivist pedagogy is based on the idea that learners should be actively engaged in the learning process, rather than being passive recipients of information.
In constructivist classrooms, teachers act as facilitators rather than instructors. They create a learning environment that is rich in resources and opportunities for exploration, experimentation, and inquiry. The role of the teacher is to guide students through the learning process, encourage them to ask questions, and help them develop their own understanding of the subject matter.
Constructivist pedagogy is based on the idea that learners come to the classroom with pre-existing knowledge, experiences, and perspectives. Therefore, learning is not a simple process of adding new information to an empty vessel, but rather a complex process of integrating new information into existing knowledge structures. In constructivist classrooms, learners are encouraged to make connections between their prior knowledge and new information, to generate their own hypotheses and theories, and to engage in critical thinking and problem-solving.
Overall, constructivist pedagogy emphasizes active, student-centered learning, where learners are encouraged to take an active role in their own learning process. It recognizes the complexity of the learning process and emphasizes the importance of making connections between new and existing knowledge.