Teaching methodologies refer to a set of practices and principles used by teachers to make the process of teaching and learning highly effective for their students. Teaching methodologies, also known as teaching methods, are usually also based on various beliefs regarding the nature of the language used, and how it is learned.
In a classroom, teachers usually apply a combination of different teaching methods to better fit the needs of that particular batch of students. These methods can be customised to solve problems that are faced specifically by the students in reference. Apart from that, teaching methodologies are also based on different goals that learners may have from that particular course.
For example, if the goal of an arts and crafts class is to provide refreshment to students, the teaching methodologies will be based on such a goal. Alternately, if the goal of an arts and crafts class is to help students master that particular art/craft form, then the teaching method will change drastically.
Apart from the different aims of taking a course, there are other factors that help teachers decide which methodologies to use while conducting their class. Some factors include the age group of the students attending the class, the gender of students, the experience in the said lesson or coursework of the students, as well as their expectations and interests.
Direct instructions, differentiated instruction, personalized learning, flipped classroom, project-based learning, cooperative learning, gamification, etc. are some of the types of teaching methodologies.