Vicarious learning is a type of learning in which the learners learn from the experience of others. Albert Bandura, a renowned Canadian-American psychologist, introduced the concept of learning through seeing how others behave. In the 1960s, he introduced vicarious learning. It is a deliberate process that entails observing, feeling, and empathizing with what others are doing as well as making notes and assessing what has been observed.
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This learning is closely related to observational learning, yet, they are not the same. Observational learning is more of an objective approach when compared to vicarious learning. In vicarious learning, the learner will be observing a person and will also be empathising with them. This learning theory places a lot of emphasis on the student’s capacity to both picture oneself carrying out the task and understand why the action they are visualizing is the right one.
This learning ensures the development of an individual as it widens the knowledge of the learner. Also, it helps the learner understand the behavioural patterns of different individuals. Learners can obtain experience without taking part directly through vicarious learning. This allows learners to learn more about certain circumstances without directly indulging in a serious situation. It provides learners with the opportunity to learn at their own pace. One does not need a real-life situation to take part in this type of learning. The learner can make use of digital content like videos or images to participate in this kind of learning. In addition to this, the learner can make use of tools like books to engage in this learning process.
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