Verbs are an important part of English grammar and are used to describe an action, state, and occurrence. There are basically five verb form that describe these events or actions: root, third-person singular, present participle, past, and past participle. Students need to understand all these forms to use them appropriately when framing a sentence.
Root: The root verb form is the base of words. However, this form of verbs does not require any prefixes or suffixes. This form of verbs can be used to create other forms of verbs when conjugated. Some examples include:
- I am going to the temple.
- What did you do yesterday?
Third person singular: It is different from other conjugations. For regular verbs, this verb form ends in a particular way. It ends with a -s or -es at the end of the verb. For example: he sees, she observes
Present participle: The words in this verb form are made by adding -ing at the end of the root word. It can be used in the past, present, and future progressive verb tenses. For example: They have been in the same position for an hour.
Past and past participle: The past and past participle of verb comes or comes without the suffix ed. The characteristic of this verb form is that it is used only in the past tenses. For example: The books were stored in that common room.