Upper primary education means educating all students up to the age of 14, which is equivalent to completing the second cycle of primary education. With the increase in the number of registrations at the primary level, the pressure to improve the upper levels of primary education is increasing. This involves facilitating easy geographic access to enroll all eligible students in the upper primary schools, providing a reasonable level of facilities and infrastructure in these primary schools. The government of India is trying to improve the education system of all the schools to provide the best quality of education to all the students. This seems to be a more desirable long-term goal than one that is achievable at present levels of primary education development. The number of students wishing to get admission in upper primary schools is more than the seats available. The age group of 11 to 14 comes under this, all students of the relevant age group can benefit from lower secondary education only when all the students of primary school are enrolled, retained, and completed the cycle. Current efforts should be to improve development ratios between elementary and high school levels. In states with more advanced education, primary school completion rates reach 100%. In the educationally underdeveloped states, primary school completion rates are less than 100%. Academically backward states have lower primary education completion rates and lower transition rates than states with advanced levels of education. There is a need to provide all the students of upper primary with better education quality.