Typography is the art of arranging type for the purpose of making written language legible, appealing, and readable when displayed. The arrangement of type involves selecting typefaces, line lengths, point sizes, letter-spacing, and line-spacing, as well as adjusting the space between pairs of letters. The term typography is also used to refer to the arrangement, and appearance of the numbers, symbols, and letters created by the process. Type design is a craft closely related to this one, sometimes considered part of it – most typographers don’t design typefaces, and some type designers don’t consider themselves typographers. It also may be used as an ornamental and decorative device completely unrelated to the communication of information.
Typography is the work of compositors, who also go by:
- Graphic designers
- Art directors
- Manga artists
- Comic book artists,
Basically, anyone who arranges letters, words, numbers, and symbols for the purposes of publication, display, or distribution, from newsletter writers and clerical workers to anyone self-publishing materials can be called typographers.
Until the Digital Age, typography used to be a specialized occupation. Digitization has opened up this field to new generations of unrelated designers and lay users. As the capability to create typography has become more and more accessible, the application of principles and best practices developed over generations of skilled workers and professionals has diminished.