There are many theories of learning which teachers can easily use to improve their teaching practice. The three main schemas of learning theories include – Behaviourism, Cognitivism, and Constructivism. All theories of learning that exist fall under these three schemas. These theories are important and educators need to have a strong understanding of the same.
Behaviorism – The notion behind behaviorism is that knowledge is self-contained and exists outside of the learner. In the eyes of a behaviorist, the learner is a blank slate that needs to be filled with information.
Cognitivism – In contrast to behaviorism, the school of cognitivism believes that students process information rather than just responding to a given stimulus. The retrieval of information can be understood through cognitivism, and it has led to the evolution of many educational theories like cognitive load theory, schema theory, and dual coding theory.
Constructivism – Constructivism is founded on the assumption that we acquire new ideas by constructing them from our own existing knowledge and experiences. As a result, each learner’s experience is unique. Students adjust their understanding models by reflecting on previous theories or correcting mistakes.
It is important to understand the same in detail so as to better cater to the students.