Student-centered learning, also known as learner-centered education, is based on constructivist theories of education championed by Swiss clinical physiologist Jean Piaget.
Student-centered learning refers to a variety of learning experiences, academic-support strategies specifically intended to address the learning needs, interests, or cultural backgrounds of individual students or a group of students.
The need for this specific word arose in the response to the decisions related to academics which did not fully deem what students should know or which method should be applied or should be more effective in facilitating learning for individuals or groups of students. Student-centered learning mainly environs with that method of teaching that focuses on the student instead of the teacher giving instructions.
There are some theorists who believe that student-centered learning is the right practice and whose collective work focused on how students learn.
Usage of this type of learning simply refers to instructional methods that will eventually recognize the individual capability of students.
Student-centered learning always puts students’ voice, their interests first. In contrast to that traditional education which is often dubbed as “teacher-centered learning” which positioned the teacher as the “active” role. As the name pronounced ‘teacher-centered’ while the students play the “passive” role of learning.
Student-centered learning, this word can be more relatable to the students studying in higher education. This type of learning is more encouraged as it involves more formative appraisal or developmental assessment and less summative appraisal than teacher-centered learning.
For example, it’s far more manageable for schools or institutions, if all the students are taught the same thing under the same supervision, if students are allowed to choose their subject preferences or the set of courses to choose from, and all are given the same textbooks to learn or same learning material.