The full form of SSA is Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. It is a flagship program for the Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE) formulated by the Government of India. It is also one of the fundamental rights mandated by the 86th amendment of the Indian Constitution.
SSA states that the state shall endeavor free and compulsory education to the children of 6-14 years of age group. People have the right to basic education. Basic education aids in improving the human level, especially regarding infant mortality and life expectancy, which significantly contributes to the country’s economic growth. It leads to human capital formation, which may increase the production potential of our country.
SSA aims to provide useful and elementary education to bridge the social, regional, and gender gaps, along with active participation of the community in school management. It also inculcates value-based learning, or value-based learning objectives that provide the children with an opportunity to permit selfish pursuits, and can work for each other’s well-being.
SSA helps children develop their spiritual and material potential by learning about their natural environment. The function of SSA is to recognise the need for improving the performance of the school system by providing quality elementary education in a mission mode.
SSA is a universalization of primary education for anyone within a particular time. It is an attempt to improve human capabilities through a community provision. This also lays a special construct on making the education useful and relevant at the elementary level by improving the curriculum. The teachers’ role is critical within SSA, to advocate and focus on the students’ developmental needs.