What is software engineering? It is an engineering approach that focuses on the development of software for systematics applications. A software engineer, hence, is a person who applies the principles of software engineering for the design, development, maintenance, testing, and evaluation of computer programs. The term programmer is often used as a synonym, but it lacks the necessary connotations of engineering education or the skills required.
Software engineering techniques are used for informing the process which involves the definition, assessment, implementation, measurement, management, improvement, and change of its life cycle process itself. It makes use of software configuration management which is all about systematically controlling changes made to the configuration, and keeping the integrity, and traceability of the configuration and code throughout the system life cycle. Modern processes make use of software versioning.
Knowledge of computer programming is required for becoming a software engineer. In 2004 the IEEE Computer Society created the SWEBOK, which was published as ISO/IEC Technical Report 1979:2005, where the body of knowledge that they recommend to be mastered by a graduate software engineer with four years of experience. Several software engineers enter the profession by getting a university degree or adequate training from a vocational school. One standard international curriculum for UG degrees was created by the Joint Task Force on Computing Curricula and was updated in 2014. There are a number of universities that offer Software Engineering degree programs.