In any school, elementary, middle, or high, the highest position in the administration is the school principal. Usually, the school principal reports to the school superintendent. In big schools, he/ she can also report to the associate superintendent or superintendent’s designee.
In some private schools, the highest position is of the headmaster. They have the same responsibilities as a principal. The extra activities which they can do are fundraising. There are many schools in which the school superintendent and principal are the same.
There was no need for a school principal in earlier times. When schools started growing and the grade structure set in, there was a need for a person who could manage this complex organization. At first, the teachers who were teaching in the school managed everything. These teachers were called principal teachers. With further advancements in education and schooling, one separate position evolved and was designated as a principal. It goes without saying that they have a lot of responsibilities.
The principal needs to look after personnel, maintenance of the building, financial operations, student scheduling, different institutional policies related to discipline, coordination among different activities, and other matters. As the advancement of education is happening, the duties and responsibilities of a school teacher are also increasing.