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Reading and writing skills are taught to students using phonics. The links between the sounds of spoken language and the written letters are taught through phonics teaching. It aids kids with hearing, recognising, and using the various sounds in speech. Children will start comprehending which sounds connect to which symbols as they read. They will be able to decode books and other types of texts once they have mastered this ability.

If students are given the opportunity to practice the sounds and symbols they learn, they will be able to comprehend or decode them quickly. It is most effective when it is introduced in kindergarten or first grade.

There are four approaches to teaching phonics: synthetic, analytic, analogy, and embedded.


In this approach, words are broken down into phonemes and blended together for students’ understanding. If you are unaware, phonemes are the smallest units of sound. This method makes it easier for students to understand each sound thoroughly.


Analytic phonics is a term used to describe a popular method of teaching reading that begins with words rather than phonemes or sounds.


With this method, students are taught to read unfamiliar words by decoding sections of words they already know. In this method, the focus will be on the letters that are similar in a group of words to understand unknown words.


A less explicit method relies on unintentional learning. They will be learning to read and write by reading different texts. Rather, this occurs opportunistically rather than on purpose.

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