Peer tutoring is a type of learning practice where students assist their peers in grasping various academic concepts. It involves students acting as tutors and instructing their classmates. In this strategy, the teacher typically designates a student who is doing well in the class to tutor a student who is performing below par. This strategy aids in giving weaker students individualized attention. This individualized attention will enable teachers to determine why a student is falling behind in class and, hence, can adjust their teaching strategies accordingly.
It will offer a better learning experience for weak students. It helps weak students to improve their scores and be on the right track. Tutees will be able to explain concepts to their fellow students in a better way as they will be explaining concepts to them in the simplest way possible. Students can ask several questions and receive prompt responses, unlike in traditional learning settings. A close bond between pupils is made possible through this methodology. Also, according to the learning pyramid when a student teaches what they have learned, the learning retention rate is higher. Hence, this method benefits tutees as well. They will also be able to perform better in their examinations.
There are different kinds of teaching models, such as Classwide Peer Tutoring (CWPT), Cross-age Peer Tutoring, Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS), Reciprocal Peer Tutoring (RPT), and Same-age Peer Tutoring. These methodologies are generally used to bridge the achievement gap and aim at the collective development of the students.