Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that deals with the structures, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation of carbon-containing compounds. The crucial components in organic compounds include carbon and hydrogen. However, they may also contain nitrogen, oxygen, halogens, silicon, sulfur, and phosphorus.
Organic chemistry is considered a creative science that provides various opportunities to organic chemists. They can explore and create different molecules and compounds through this branch of chemistry. Moreover, they spend most of their time finding new compounds and synthesizing existing ones.
Organic chemistry holds a crucial position in various fields. Some of the areas that require the support of organic chemists are:
Biotechnology uses microorganisms and bioprocesses to modify existing products. For example, a biotech company may develop new varieties of products or processes. An organic chemist may help the company develop disease-resistant varieties of plants.
- Consumer products
Consumer products use a great deal of organic chemistry. For example, the cosmetic industry recruits organic chemists to know how the skin responds to environmental conditions. The reactions help the companies understand what products they might launch in the market.
- Organic industrial chemistry
This branch of science converts raw materials into consumer goods. Moreover, they focus on converting renewable resources into industrial products.
Another industry that requires organic chemists for its operations is the petroleum industry. However, the entire industry is divided into three components, including:
- Upstream, i.e., exploration and production
- Midstream, i.e., transportation
- Downstream, i.e., refining crude oil
Government organizations also hire organic chemists to perform specific functions.