The National Education Policy was developed in 1986 and revised in 1992. Since then, several changes have taken place which requires a survey of the Policy. New education policy is the first education policy of the 21st century and replaces the National Education Policy, dating back to thirty-four years, 1986. Built on the fundamental pillars of equality, quality, affordability, and accountability, this policy is aligned with the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development and aims to transform India into an active knowledge society and superpower. The aim is to increase the knowledge of students by making school and university education more inclusive, flexible, multidisciplinary, adaptive to the needs of the 21st century, and aiming to bring out the uniqueness of each student’s abilities. New education policy emphasizes on improvement of general education at all levels from preschool to lower secondary school. It is supporting infrastructure development, it is also monitoring students and their learning levels. In this way, it is facilitating multiple learning paths which involve formal and informal modes of education. This can be done by linking well-trained counselors or social workers with schools. It focuses on opening schools for grades 3, 5, and 8 through NIOS and open public schools. They also want secondary education programs which are equal to classes 12 and 10 to develop. With that, they want vocational courses, adult literacy programs, and life enrichment programs should also improve. Recognizing that basic education is a necessary and urgent requirement for learning, NEP 2020 calls for the establishment of a mission to provide basic education to every student.