MOOC stands for a massive open online course; a virtual program targeted to gain uncounted participation. It has open access via the internet.  As compared to the traditional course materials that include filmed lectures, problem sets, and reading; a majority of MOOCs offer interactive courses. This comes with user forums or social media discussions for supporting community interactions among the students.

The MOOCs usually rely on professors, teachers, and teaching assistants to carry out the online learning programs. They offer the students the assignments online. In distance education, it has become an essential tool to teach students. Much research in the MOOC area has been invested in making learning effective in distance learning mode. It was introduced in 2008 and it has slowly and steadily evolved to become today’s modern mode of learning.

Earlier the MOOC used to focus more on the open-access features, including the open licensing of structure, content, and the end learning objectives for promoting remixing and reusing different resources. Later, the MOOCs started using closed licenses to design their course content by giving the students free access. It offers several benefits, like giving more access to higher studies, offering affordable education, flexible learning, and many more. 

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