In personality typology, the Myers–Briggs Type Indicator, also known as MBTI, is an introspective questionnaire that is basically a self-report that indicates differing psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. The test tries to assign four categories:
- Introversion (I) or extraversion (E)
- Sensing (S) or intuition (N)
- Thinking (T) or feeling (F)
- Judging (J) or perceiving (P)
Most of the research supporting the validity of MBTI has been by the Center for Applications of Psychological Type, which is an organization run by the Myers-Briggs Foundation, and published in their very own journal, the Journal of Psychological Type (JPT). Even though the Myers-Briggs Test resembles some other psychological theories, it has been criticized as pseudoscience and is not widely endorsed by academic researchers in the field of psychology. The indicator exhibits scientific psychometric deficiencies, which include:
- Little to no validation mechanism
- Poor reliability
- Measuring categories that are not independent
- Not being comprehensive due to missing neuroticism
The MBTI was initially started to teach the world of psychology about a broad domain that composes a variety of more discrete traits, or facets:
- Neuroticism – The predisposition to experience negative effects like anxiety, anger, and depression
- Extraversion – Sociability, activity, dominance, and tendency to experience positive emotions
- Openness to Experience – Imaginativeness, aesthetic sensitivity, depth of feeling, curiosity, and the need for variety
- Agreeableness – Sympathy, trust, cooperation, and altruism
- Conscientiousness – Organization, persistence, scrupulousness, and need for achievement.
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