Material Science and Engineering combines the disciplines of engineering, physics, and chemistry principles to solve real-world problems associated with nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, energy, manufacturing, and other major engineering disciplines.
Everything is made of something, and the subject of material science and engineering is to investigate how materials perform and why they fail. By getting an understanding of the structure of matter, from the atomic level all the way up to the millimeter scale, they invent new methods to combine chemical elements into materials having unprecedented functional properties. Several branches of engineering rely on materials scientists and engineers for the advanced materials that are used to design and manufacture products like safer cars with better gas mileage, smaller electronics, faster computers with larger hard drive capacities, threat-detecting sensors, better medical devices, and renewable energy harvesting devices. It is the field that deals with the discovery and development of the stuff that makes the whole world work. Materials scientists are even required in museums, where they help in analyzing, preserving, and restoring artifacts and artwork.
Materials scientists work with several types of materials like metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, liquid crystals, etc. for a wide range of applications such as energy, construction, electronics, nanotechnology, biotechnology, etc., and making use of modern processing and discovery principles like casting, coating, evaporation, additive manufacturing, plasma and radiation processing, computer simulations, artificial intelligence, and so on.
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