Learning Style refers to a range of theories that try to account for differences in the learning patterns of a student.
One of the most widely accepted understandings of a learning style is that a student’s approach to learning can be divided into three categories: Auditory, and Kinesthetic, Visual Learning. Neil Fleming’s VARK model of Student Learning defined these three learning styles. On expansion, VARK means Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing, and Kinesthetic. It is sometimes also referred to as the VAK model, virtually eliminating reading or writing as a category.
Visual learning is when a person can gather information more accurately when anything is displayed in the study material, like images, videos, infographics, etc. Auditory learning is when a person can grasp the knowledge by listening to a new piece of content from the syllabus. Reading/writing learning is more intended towards the processing of the written piece of information from the lesson. Kinesthetic learning emphasizes more on physical participation in classroom activities to learn. These four are the basic learning styles.
VARK Model of Learning Style acknowledges that a student has different approaches when it comes to information processing. These approaches are also called preferred learning modes. It is believed that a student’s preferred learning mode influences their behavior and learning. By matching it with an appropriate learning strategy, it becomes an effective learning style for the student.
Schools and teachers can greatly benefit from identifying the learning styles of their students. They can do so by modifying the curriculum design and teaching methodologies based on their learning preference. However, sometimes, the combination of all three methods is an ideal option. Giving them the option of choosing their learning style has proven to increase academic confidence.