Wolfgang Köhler, a German-American psychologist and one of the founders of Gestalt psychology, proposed the Insightful Learning hypothesis initially. Insight learning is one of the many ways used in the behavioral learning process, which is an important part of behavioral psychology.
Insight learning is a cognitive form of learning involving the mental rearrangement or restructuring of the elements in a problem to achieve a sudden understanding of the problem and arrive at a solution.
The ability to solve difficulties by one’s own efforts is aided by insight. This insightful learning method teaches the child how to solve issues in his life. As a result, for improved learning, the teacher should employ a problem-solving method. He should emotionally and intellectually prepare the youngsters to tackle the situation.
In learning theory, insight is defined as immediate and clear learning or understanding that occurs without the use of overt trial-and-error testing. When people notice relationships (or establish unique linkages between items or behaviors) that can help them solve new challenges, they have insight.
Some of the characteristics of insight learning are –
– Insight leads to a change in perception.
– Insight is sudden.
– Understanding plays important role n insight learning.
– Age influences insight learning. Adults are better learners than children.
– Past experience and perceptual organization are important in perception.
– Some psychologists also relate insight learning with associative learning.