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Gurukul System of Education

Gurukul System of Education was a part of residential school education where students lived in a gurukul to gain knowledge. The gurukul was headed by an Acharya who imparted knowledge and skills to students. Students were expected to apply the knowledge in practice. However, the system changed over time, and now it is the era of residential schools. But the concept of modern residential schools and the Gurukul System of Education is the same. 


The prominent features of the Gurukul System of Education are:

  • The gurukul system of education emphasized the importance of the psychological method of teaching.
  • Students were taught practical, interpersonal, and professional skills.
  • Gurukuls held entrance examinations to select students. The selected candidates showed impeccable attitudes and moral strengths.
  • Gurukuls gave equal importance to spiritual, social, religious, and holistic development.


The objectives of the Gurukul System of Education were straightforward. The major objectives were:

  • Holistic development
  • Personality growth
  • Spiritual awakening
  • Awareness about nature and society
  • Self-control and discipline
  • Passing of knowledge from one generation to another


The importance of the Gurukul System of Education are:

  • The residential education system imparted knowledge in a natural environment. Moreover, students were encouraged to remain connected with nature.
  • Focused on the physical and mental growth of students through games and activities. Moreover, they were given spiritual lectures for overall development.
  • Removed dependency on other people as students were instructed to do their work.
  • The education system focused on personality development. The schools of ancient times helped students enhance their self-confidence, intellect, and self-esteem. 

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