What is Exam?

An Exam full form is the Examination. 

Examination is defined as the evaluation of the understanding of the knowledge of a person. The assessment can be done in the form of a formal test. The exam is taken to check the knowledge of a student of a particular subject.

The exam includes a variety of questions like objective, subjective, one-word, etc. Each question in the exam is assigned marks according to the level of knowledge it requires. The students are required to answer the questions asked in exams. Marks are given based on the quality of answers given by a student in their examination. Evaluation is done on the basis of marks obtained in the exam. 

Different exams are being conducted at different levels. The exams conducted in schools and colleges test students’ knowledge of all the subjects being taught. Schools and colleges conduct entrance exams to give admission to the institute based on knowledge. There are various entrance exams like CTET, CAT, MAT, GMAT, GATE, NEET, etc.

Schools and colleges conduct intermediate exams, the final exams also known as the semester exams to evaluate the knowledge of the student.

Doctors conduct physical checkups to assess the overall health, this example is of the medical exams. 

Types of Exam

Exams come in various forms, each tailored to evaluate different aspects of an individual’s abilities and knowledge. Below are several common types of exams:

  1. Written Exams: These entail responding to questions on paper or digitally. Formats can include multiple-choice questions, short answers, and essays.
  2. Oral Exams: Also termed viva voce, these require individuals to verbally address questions posed by an examiner. They assess comprehension, communication skills, and quick thinking.
  3. Practical Exams: These appraise hands-on skills and the application of theoretical knowledge. They are common in scientific, engineering, medical, and artistic fields.
  4. Open-Book Exams: Participants are permitted to reference textbooks, notes, or study materials while responding to questions. Emphasis is on understanding and application, not memorization.
  5. Closed-Book Exams: These demand participants to rely solely on memory and comprehension of the subject, barring external resources.
  6. Objective Exams: These feature questions with definite answers, like multiple-choice, true/false, or matching questions. They assess foundational knowledge.
  7. Subjective Exams: These types of exam encompass open-ended questions necessitating detailed explanations or analyses. Essay questions, case studies, and problem-solving tasks are examples.
  8. Online Exams: Enabled by technology, these exams are conducted digitally. Participants complete them on computers or devices, with a mix of question types.

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