Educational psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the study of human learning. It has two perspectives, behavioral and cognitive. It helps researchers to comprehend differences among cognitive development, motivation, self-concept, intelligence, affect, and self-regulation.
In educational psychology, the study is based on quantitative methods that include measurement and testing. These parameters enhance and help the educational activities associated with classroom management, instructional design, and assessment. It throws light on how different people learn and their learning styles. It delves deeper into types of learning. This branch of psychology helps teachers to create strategies and techniques that would help their students to understand the concepts in a better manner.
We can understand this psychology by relating it to other disciplines. In educational psychology, the study of conceptual processes, memory, and individual differences are made. These areas help to create new strategies to improve the learning process. An educational institution is based on theories like:
- Gestalt psychology,
- Operant conditioning,
- Humanistic psychology,
- Information processing.
In the last twenty years, there has been a massive increase in students’ interest in educational psychology. This interest has led to the rapid development and growth of this branch of psychology as a profession. Educational psychologists are working with teachers, psychiatrists, therapists, etc for further developments.