Cooperative learning is an educational approach that aims to organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. In this, the teacher’s role changes from giving information to facilitating students’ learning. Everyone succeeds when the group succeeds. Now you would be thinking what is the purpose of cooperative learning? The purpose is to make each group member a stronger individual. There is considerable group-to-individual transfer.
Students learn together so that they can subsequently perform great as individuals. It is of three types are Formal learning, Informal learning, and Cooperative learning. The characteristics are positive interdependence, individual accountability, face-to-face interaction, interpersonal skills, group processing, and many more. The five important elements are positive interdependence, individual and group accountability, promotive interaction, appropriate use of social skills, and group processing.
The eight principles are heterogeneous grouping, teaching collaborative skills, group autonomy, maximum peer interactions, equal opportunity to participate, individual accountability, positive interdependence, and cooperation as a value. It helps students to raise achievements and build positive relationships among students. It is important for creating a learning community that values diversity.
It provides experiences that develop both good learning skills and social skills. Do you know what is the most important feature? Working with peers is the main feature. In this approach, students work on a task in groups and often are rewarded either partially or completely for the success of the group as a whole.