A conceptual framework is an analytical tool that works in several contexts and variations. This framework can be used by anyone to organize their ideas. The framework is designed in a manner that makes things easy to remember and apply. The conceptual framework can be applied to various fields including economics. Economists use this framework to describe the mechanism of demand and supply. The demand and supply framework describes the relationship between the behavior and incentive systems of firms and consumers. Moreover, the theory of principal and agent is used in political science and economics as a conceptual framework. Likewise, the field of public administration uses the politics-administration dichotomy as a long-standing conceptual framework.
Different types of frameworks are used in different fields of study. Some of them are:
- Working hypothesis
- Pillar questions
- Descriptive categories
- Practical ideal type
- Models of operations research
- Formal hypothesis
Conceptual framework in research
A framework acts like a roadmap and helps students or researchers focus on the area of study. It defines the variables and helps students visualize the research project and what they can do to bring it into action. These frameworks can be used in qualitative and quantitative research. In quantitative studies, the framework is used to define the survey points. Researchers can use the framework to collect relevant information from the resources. On the contrary, in qualitative research the researchers can use the framework to provide a working hypothesis. Students can understand the significance of these frameworks when performing a research study.