Bloom’s Taxonomy

Bloom’s Taxonomy is a systematic classification of cognitive skills that facilitate teachers and students in the classroom. Benjamin Bloom invented the concept in 1956. He made this system in collaboration with Max Englehart, Edward Furst, Walter Hill, and David Krathwohl. They published a structure called a taxonomy of educational objectives for labelling educational goals. Lauren Anderson eventually revised the system in 2000.

K-12 teachers, college, and university professors in their teaching practice this system. The framework explained by Bloom et al., consisted of six divisions: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. These divisions serve as a guide for educators to classify their lesson objectives. In simple terms, bloom’s taxonomy helps to define the level of u understanding of people. This also helps in the assessment of students.

Bloom’s Taxonomy comprises six levels of higher-level thinking skills which can be executed through educational activities. The first level refers to remembering a task, which can be put to practice by memorizing a poem. The second step of understanding refers to students summarizing the scheme of a story. The students can use the application domain to select a design to meet a purpose. The analyzing part refers to learning the workings of democracy. Students can ultimately learn to evaluate by making a judgement dependent on an ethical issue or understanding to create by writing an essay on a given topic. 

Bloom’s Taxonomy finds its application in making assessments, plan lessons, and ascertain the complexity of class exercises. It has also been implemented to develop online courses and to structure project-dependent learning.

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