Bioethics is a branch of applied ethics that uses the concept of various other disciplines. It studies the philosophical, social, and legal issues arising in medicine and the life sciences. In addition, it may include questions on environment and well-being. People concerned with bioethics spend their time learning about the values relating to primary care, other branches of medicine, ethical education in science, animal, and environmental ethics.
Purpose and Scope
Bioethics has addressed a lot of questions. Topics related to abortion, surrogacy, the allocation of scarce healthcare resources are covered under this topic. Moreover, it also covers debate on topics like the right to refuse medical care for religious or cultural reasons. Various bioethicists narrow the ethical evaluation to the morality of medical treatments or technological innovations. Furthermore, they may extend the topic to the timing of medical treatment of humans.
Bioethics covers various points of analysis and its scope can expand with the advancement in biotechnology. It can extend to cloning, gene therapy, life extension, human genetic engineering, and manipulation of basic biology.
It addresses the areas covering human experimentation. To understand the scope of this area, the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research was established. This organization identifies the basic ethical principles involving human subjects. Another important principle of bioethics is its placement of value on discussion and presentation. Various industries cover this topic at a professional level. Examples of such universities include the Ohio State Bioethics Society and the Bioethics Society of Cornell.