Backward Design is a method of education in which the goals are identified before planning a lesson. It is that style of teaching in which the educator defines the final aim first and draws the structure or flowchart to reach the goal. As per the defined objective, the educator then makes regular assessments and finally achieves the desired result. It comes under the non-traditional method of academic teaching.
The idea behind the backward design is to stay focussed towards one’s ambition. The roadmap devised in this is in an organised manner. It keeps the students notified where they are heading in their academic progress. Students tend to explore and experiment more in the subject matter to achieve their objective. Teachers can evaluate the results of students and improve their teaching.
The concept of backward design was introduced in 1949 by Ralph W. Taylor. But, it came to the academic curriculum in the year 1998. Since then, schools have adopted this concept due to the various benefits it offers. Students do not lose their direction in backward design and are aware of where they are heading. Daily lessons and exercises are modeled with an objective and not just random learning. The instructions drawn for students are maintained knowing the exact points students should be aware of.
With this design mapping, students develop the right skills. No unnecessary topics or interventions are there in academic planning. Students understand the concept of applying this strategy in real life. This leads to the overall growth of students. This style of education can be successful for school as well as college students.