Attachment theory studies the attachment and bond between people. For example, it includes the bond shared between parents and children. The term attachment is defined as a lasting psychological connection between human beings. This definition was given by British psychologist John Bowlby. The earliest bond formed between parents and children impacts the entire life of children. If the connection between babies and parents is not right, it may have a long-term impact on the psychological behavior of children. Children with attachment issues are more likely to develop behavioral problems like ADHD, lack of concentration, or conduct disorder. If they have issues related to attachment, they may experience the following:
- Inability to ask for help
- Inability to form positive relationships with adults and teachers
- Appearing withdrawn from activities
Stages of Attachment Theory
- Before birth
A bond formed between parents and children has a positive impact on the child after their birth. Therefore, this stage is critical in deciding the personality of children in their growth years.
- Birth until 6 weeks
It is also known as the pre-attachment phase as the child does not show any specific attachment with a specific caregiver. However, providing a nurturing environment and giving special attention to the baby can lay a foundation for a strong relationship between the child and parents.
- 6 weeks to 8 months
During this stage, the baby shows a preference for their caregivers.
- 8 months to until 18 months
Babies develop a strong attachment with the primary caregiver and also show signs of separation anxiety when the primary caregiver is not around them.
- 18 months to 2 years onwards
At this time, babies start becoming less dependent on their primary caregiver.