In English grammar, active and passive voice are the two grammatical voices. A sentence is said to be in an active voice when the subject of the sentence is doing the action expressed by the verb. The structure of the sentence in active voice is ( subject + verb + object). Whereas, in passive voice, the subject is acted upon or affected by the action expressed by the verb. The structure of the sentence in passive voice is ( object + verb + subject ). In simple words, when the subject performs the action it is said to be an active voice and when the subject receives an action, it is said to be in passive voice.
Let us discuss one example of active and passive voice. The boy will do the work. This is an example of an active voice sentence. The work will be done by the boy, this is an example of a passive voice sentence. One thing to focus on is that the meaning of the sentence in both remains the same, and only structure differs. Some of the main active-passive voice rules are the subject of the verb in active voice changes into an object in passive voice. Secondly, we always use the past participle form of the verb in the passive voice sentences, and an auxiliary verb is added before it.
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