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United Nations Economic and Social Council

The Economic and Social Council, or ECOSOC, is one of the United Nations’ six major organs. It is a critical topic for the UPSC foreign relations section. Here you can learn everything there is to know about the ECOSOC, its functions and role within the UN system, and India’s interactions with it.

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the United Nations’ six major organs. It is the primary body in charge of social, economic, and environmental policy coordination, policy discourse, policy assessment, and recommendations, as well as the implementation of globally accepted development goals.

  • It serves as the central mechanism for all UN and specialized agency activities in the social, environmental, and economic areas.
  • It is the primary UN forum for fostering debate and innovative thinking, reaching consensus on future courses of action, and coordinating efforts to achieve internationally agreed-upon goals.
  • ECOSOC is also in charge of following up on United Nations summits and conferences.
  • ECOSOC was founded as one of the UN’s primary organs.
  • It is headquartered in New York, USA.


ECOSOC is a crucial part of the UN system.

  • It serves a vital role as a bridge between the UN’s various agencies, conventions, and organizations.
  • ECOSOC takes the lead in recognizing emerging challenges, fostering innovation, and achieving a balanced integration of the three pillars of sustainable development—economic, social, and environmental.
  • It serves as a portal for UN partnership and participation from the rest of the globe.
  • It serves as an international gathering place for governments, leaders, academics, policymakers, lawmakers, non-governmental organizations, and others.
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