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Special Education Zones

The government, before concentrating on specific infrastructural developments, considers the relevance and need for the programme’s impact in the area. Special Education Zones are such areas which require more educational development due to their low performance in the past. The allotment of development is not always random, it is considered and specified depending on the Zones. 

Does educational development lead to a better quality of life and higher income? It has been proved that education can benefit the people of India socially, economically and culturally, especially the ones who have been marginalised and deprived of such means in the past. Hence, the areas that lack previous year enrolment & development are prioritised, these areas are recognised as SEZs. SEZ’s full form is Special Education Zones. 

Why has NEP taken the SEZ initiative?

In 2020 NEP, the government addressed the problem of the deprived group, making an effort to strategize equitable distribution of educational facilities in such regions, which are known as SEZs. 

  • It promotes education for all, especially those who still face socio-economic barriers.
  • Children with disability unable to join regular schools can enrol here for proper accommodation.
  • It allows flexibility in other forms of education like gurukuls, madrasas, etc. 
  • The SEZ areas will have a flow of resource inputs, with a more holistic approach to a learning environment. 

What is the eligibility for SEZ? 

For an area to be a SEZ, there must be SEDGs:

  • Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes & Minority Groups.
  • Transgender children
  • Disabled students (both mental & physical)
  • Migrants and socially or economically backward groups like Low-Income households
  • Orphans, trauma victims, war victims

What are the major components of SEZ?

The broad idea is to include children with special needs and from disadvantaged backgrounds in a better-quality education program. 

  • Education for all till 12th grade in areas recording lowest enrolment rates in the past.
  • Establish a flow of resources through learning centres, and encourage other skills. 
  • Preparing individual educational plans.
  • Providing home education plans for special cases, with scholarship programmes. 
  • NIOS to develop standard learning modules.
  • Assigned teachers for training, learning, assisting in better learning methodologies, and working with special needs students.

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