The full form of RTE is the Right to Education. Right to Education is also known as the RTE Act, 2009. The parliament of India enacted this act on August 4, 2009. It describes the importance of free and compulsory education for children aged between 6 to 14 years.
The act lays down a guide for minimum standards of behaviour for elementary schools. The elementary schools should consist of proper classrooms, separate toilets for boys and girls, the facility of clean drinking water, fixed working hours of teachers, etc. It also advocates against the donation of fees taken at the time of the student’s admission or interview, and prohibits unrecognised schools from practising further.
The RTE act maps all the neighborhoods to identify the children who are eligible for receiving an education but do not have the means to, through their regular surveys. It also keeps a check on the center’s roles and responsibilities, as well as the state and all the other local bodies. This is done to rectify gaps in the education system, enhancing the quality of education in the country.
The RTE act helps in providing special provisions for exceptional cases. They should be provided with special training in order to enable the children to learn appropriately according to their age. This act includes zero-tolerance against discrimination and harassment. It paves the way for the prohibition of all kinds of physical punishment and mental torture, or discrimination based on caste, gender, class, and religion.
RTE acts offer a way of the inclusive education system in India, and the effective implementation of the same is essential. It also ensures the curriculum development of the student, which eventually results in overall development. RTE offers in improving the learning outcomes and also useful in monitoring the compliance of RTE norms. To gain more improvement, RTE suggests empowering the SMCs to monitor and manage the schools better.