What is PRT?
PRT is short for Primary Teacher. Such a teacher is responsible for teaching grades 1-5. The PRT Exam is conducted by most Indian states to recruit graduate teachers for positions in state government schools. Being a Government Primary School teacher is considered a highly respectable job. These teachers are responsible for teaching all subjects, focusing on core subjects like literacy, numeracy, and science.
Eligibility Criteria For the PRT exam
Those who wish to apply for such jobs must fulfill the following eligibility criteria:
- Senior Secondary School certificate with 50% marks or Intermediate with 50% marks or its equivalent;
- Pass the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) conducted by the CBSE as per the guidelines framed by the NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education);
- Possesses a Diploma in Education (D.Ed.) or a Bachelor in Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.);
- Should not possess B.Ed or Special B.Ed;
- Ability to teach in Hindi and English.
PRT Exam Syllabus
It is vital to know the syllabus of this exam before applying for it:
- Part 1: This section comprises 120 multiple choice questions of 1 mark each. It includes Current Affairs, Reasoning Ability, and Teaching Methodology.
- Part 2: This section entails 20 questions in the English and Hindi segments.
What is the Objective of the PRT Exam?
There are several reasons why the PRT Exam is required:
- To prepare eligible candidates for the classroom. They should be able to acknowledge and address the diversity in their career. They need to meet the intellectual demands of students from various socio-economic backgrounds. These students will have different upbringings, religions, cultures, ethnicities, etc. Teachers should know how to teach all kinds of students.
- To equip a candidate with the knowledge and skills to prepare a quality learning environment in their classroom.
- To teach these candidates the appropriate teaching processes and methods.
- To develop strong leadership qualities and creative problem-solving skills amongst them.
- To train the prospective teachers so that they understand how to enhance the knowledge of their students and keep them engaged.
- To sensitize all the candidates so that they follow ethical guidelines. They must have an impartial approach while teaching. They must also contribute towards protecting the rights of the children.
Roles and Responsibilities of a Primary Teacher
If you have passed the PRT Exam, your next step would be to teach in a school. Primary Teachers have many important responsibilities, such as:
- Teaching and educating students as per National Curriculum Framework (NSF) guidelines.
- Educating students over a full range of subject areas.
- Creating lesson plans and running extracurricular activities.
- Assigning and correcting work. Marking or grading the students’ work.
- Attending all staff meetings and training sessions.
- Maintaining a sense of discipline in the classroom.
- Encouraging children and helping them to develop their interests and abilities through art, sports, and music.
What is the Scope After Giving the PRT Exam?
There are so many benefits to becoming a primary teacher after giving the PRT Exam:
- Salary: The salary follows the structure of the 7th pay commission.
- Special Provisions for Women Employees: There are special guidelines and exceptions for women employees, such as maternity leave of 6 months with paid salary. Women employees can also transfer schools within their hometown within a year.
- Scope for Growth: There is a guaranteed increment in salary on an annual basis. Candidates can also look forward to promotions from PRT to TGT, depending on their experience and performance.
- Limited Working Days and Hours: At the most, you will have to teach for 5-6 hours in a day. You will also enjoy vacation periods and will need to work for approx. 220-250 working days in a year.
- Work-Life Balance: It will be easy to maintain a healthy work-life balance. You will have the time to pursue your hobbies and interests and spend time with your friends and family.
Salary of a Primary Teacher
The net salary of a primary school teacher is approximately 46000. The breakdown is as follows:
- Basic Pay: 35400
- DA (9% on Basic): 3186
- HRA (24% On Basic) : 8496
- Transport Allowance: 3600
- DA On TA (9% On TA: 324
- Gross Pay: 51006
- NPS: 3859
- Income Tax: 1000 (Approx)
- GIS: 60
- Total Deductions: 4919
As you can see, there are many great benefits in pursuing this teaching field. You will earn well and have time to yourself. Moreover, you have the power to influence the lives of many young students. They will look up to you and feel inspired by you. It is a field with great scope.