PGT Important Topics

PGT Exams are conducted all across the country to recruit prospective teachers to teach classes up to the 12th standard. PGT Qualified candidates can then apply to various public and private sector schools.

Before applying online for PGT Exam 2021, interested candidates should know all the PGT eligibility guidelines. The PGT Eligibility criteria for post-graduate teacher posts are explained in detail below. Candidates can take a look at the PGT Eligibility Criteria 2021 below. 

Various Aspects of PGT Eligibility Criteria 2021
Age LimitAs per the latest notification, the age limit for the PGT exam will be 21 years to 36 years.
Educational QualificationThe applicants must have qualified in a Master’s Degree in any of the concerned subjects from a recognized university or institution of India.According to the PGT eligibility criteria, an applicant must have qualified for their 12th standard from any recognized education board of India with a minimum of 50% marks.  An aspirant must possess a graduate degree in any discipline from a recognized university.An aspirant must possess a B.Ed. degree from any recognized institution.
NationalityMust be an Indian Citizen
Number of AttemptsThe number of attempts it takes a candidate to crack the exam
Important NotesThe applicants who fall under the reserved category, i.e., SC/ ST/ OBC/ Female applicants, etc., will receive age relaxations in the upper age limit.The applicant should be proficient in both English and Hindi.

With lakhs of candidates appearing for the PGT exam every year, an individual must be completely prepared to deal with any difficulty and beat the highly competitive setting. Therefore, we have listed the most important topics that every candidate should cover for various PGT subjects.

PGT Important Topics

PGT – HindiDetailed Important Topic
हिन्दी साहित्य का इतिहासदिवेदी युग, छायावाद, भक्तिकाल , भारतेंदु युग , नयी कविता, संत काव्य, रीति काव्य, सूफी काव्य, कृष्ण काव्य,
गद्य साहित्य का विकासकहानी, आत्मकथा, निबन्ध, नाटक, व्यंग्य, लघु कथा, जीवनी आलोचना, रेखाचित्र,
काव्य शास्त्रअवयव , रस, छन्द, अलंकर, काव्य गुण -दोष
भाषा विज्ञानलिपि, धवनि, उप भाषाए, बोलिया,
व्याकरणविराम चिन्ह, शब्द रूप, वर्तनी, संधि, समास, वाकय शुधि
संस्कृत – साहित्यदंडी, भारवी, रचनाकार, कालिदास, माघ, राजशेखर, समास, अनुवाद. विभक्ति, धातु, संधि

Child Development & Pedagogy Important Topics

S.No.TopicMostly Asked Topics
1.Growth & DevelopmentStages of Development, Influencing factors
2.Cognitive TheoriesVygotsky, Piaget, Kohlberg
3.Intelligence & Its TheoriesIQ, ZPD, Other intelligence theories & Tests
4.Learning TheoriesLearning Curve, Learning Methods, Laws of Learning, Theories
5.MotivationMaslow Hierarchy, Reinforcement & Punishment
6.TeachingMicro Teaching, Teaching Maxim, Teaching Methods
7.Heredity & EnvironmentInfluencing Factors of Learning
8.Inclusive EducationLearning Disabilities, Guidance, Counselling, Teaching Learning Methods, Counselling Centre in UP at district and state level
9.EvaluationsFormative Assessment, Summative Assessment, School-Based Assessment, CCE (Scholastic & Co-Scholastic), Types Of Questions
10.Theories & their ProfounderBronfenbrenner, Vygotsky, Kohlberg theory & others
11.Statement & Definition by Different PsychologistsKohlberg, Skinner, Gestalt, etc., including personality behaviorism, intelligence, etc.

English Language

Subject RelatedTopicMostly Asked Topics
Grammar & Its Rulesbasic literature vocabulary, Part of Speech, Type of Sentences, Tenses, Active & Passive, Fillers, Narration, The Sentence, Suffix with root words, Use of Homophones, Phrasal Verbs, Intersection, Adverb, Adjective, Verb
PassageUp to 10th Std.
PoemUp to 10th Std.


Subject RelatedTopicMostly Asked Topics
Number SystemPlace Value & Face value, Fraction, Exponent & Power, Square & Cube Root, Rational Numbers
LCM & HCFFactor, Remainder Theorem, factorization methods, Relation Between LCM & HCF
AlgebraNumeric & Quadratic Equations, Equation, Money, Bill, Probability, Graph, Algebraic Formula’s, Algebraic expression, Square and Cube Roots
Arithmetic’sRatio & Proportion, Profit & Loss, Time & distance, SI & CI
GeometryTriangle, Angle, Polygon, 3D & 2D Fig.
Mensuration2D-Triangle, Square, Quadrilateral (Area & Perimeter)
3D- Cube, Cuboid, Cylinder, Cone, Prism etc.(Volume, CSA, TSA)
Data EfficiencyHistogram, Bar Graph, Direct Question from Pie Charts, Mean, Median, Mode, Range, Calendar, Railway/Bus Time Table
PedagogyNature of MathematicsCurriculum, Kothari commission, Techniques, Logical Reasoning
Language of MathematicsApplication & Situational Based Questions
EvaluationSummative Assessment, Formative Assessment, Bloom Taxonomy, van hiele theory, etc.
The problem of teaching in Mathematics & Error AnalysisClassification of error & Remedial teaching, teaching methods
Diagnostic TeachingRemedial Teaching

Candidates must thoroughly prepare for the above-mentioned topics to crack the exam with flying colors. But this doesn’t mean candidates should leave anything or solely rely on these topics, and these topics are suggested to make things a little easier for all the appearing candidates.

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