Educational psychology has pointed out several teaching techniques referred to as the laws of learning and principles of teaching. This generally applies to students who want to develop their learning skills. The learning principles are guides to make the learning practical and meaningful. According to Webster, the teaching principles are practical and comprehensive learning laws, which affirm the rule of action.
In Latin, the principle of teaching means the beginning and end of all the facts and circumstances. All these principles have been tested and discovered by practical situations that provide excellent insights and make learning effective. According to Edward Thorndike, there are three learning laws: reading, exercise, and effect.
Besides, the major psychological principles of teaching are considered as principles of motivation, activity, interest, planning, division, definite aim, democratic dealing, linking with life, recognizing differences, selection, revision and creation and recreation.
In 1987, Arthur W.Chickering and Zelda Gamson suggested seven principles for a good education. They defined that excellent education means developing children with the best psychology and emotions. Therefore, they have practiced all the principles and found seven principles of teaching, such as encourage contact between students and faculty, encourage active learning, communicate high expectations, respect diverse talents, develop reciprocity, and give prompt feedback or mentoring.