Positive reinforcement is a concept in behavioral psychology that can be used to teach behavioral skills. It is also defined as the introduction of a desirable stimulus after a behavior. Teachers can use this method to make their students learn behavioral skills. It may seem like a simple and effective teaching method, but it is not always the “go-to” process for educators. It seems punishment is a more popular way of training and teaching children and adults.
Positive reinforcement can be divided into four types including:
- Natural reinforcers
It occurs naturally when someone does the hard work. For instance, if students study well, they will score good marks.
- Token reinforcers
Teachers can reward students for showing good behavior. Later, students can use the collected points for some value. For example, teachers may devise a reward system where they give marks, points, or stars to students. Students can save the points and exchange them for rewards or incentives.
- Social reinforcers
If teachers or parents express appreciation, it is called social reinforcers.
- Tangible reinforcers
These include physical or tangible rewards. For example, toys, cash, and other materialistic stuff are considered tangible reinforcers.
Interesting facts and statistics on positive reinforcement
Teachers can encourage positive behavior and attitude in their students through positive reinforcement. Here are a few interesting facts on the same.
- If teachers and parents want to improve intrinsic motivation, they can praise children. Praise can enhance the learning outcome.
- If teachers want to improve a child’s behavior, they can provide positive feedback. However, praise and positive feedback work well for younger children. On the other hand, negative feedback is more effective for adults and older children.