Motivation is defined as a process which initiates an action or provides guidance in a process. It can also refer to having a strong desire to achieve something which can be encouraged by certain incentives. It promotes or encourages goal or action-oriented behavior. In the education domain, motivation can be defined as a driving factor that helps students maintain good behavior and attention and it boosts their energy to complete their tasks.
For example, a teacher giving a star to a student for good work can encourage the student to do even better than before. Here, the star acts as his/her motivation to do his/her best.
Without encouragement, it will be difficult for students to finish the task and perform in their exams. Appreciation for efforts made can translate to better relations between student and teachers and can also result in better output by students. There are different forces that work behind the motivation of students or teachers. These include emotional, biological, cognitive, and social motives. These forces promote the students to act in a manner which can help them achieve their objective. In day-to-day life, the terminology – motivation is often used and helps students come into action. In other words, it can be called the driving force behind any action taking place in human life. There are different types of motivation. These include extrinsic and intrinsic motivation.
The former is often seen as an external factor that motivates. These often reward students or teachers in different ways, including praise, social recognition, money, and trophies. In contrast, intrinsic motivations come from within. For example, playing a challenging crossword puzzle just for your gratification to solve complex problems.
As per psychologists, there are different theories of motivation. These include the drive theory, humanistic theory, and instinct theory.