Instructional Methods

Instructional methods consist of principles and methods used by teachers to enhance and relate the training to learners. It is defined by the process that you use to instruct people on a particular topic. With this everyday changing world, the needs, expectations, and demands of learners have also changed a lot. Therefore teachers need to come out of the traditional teaching practices and opt for creative techniques. 

 Each instructional method has its use. Instructional methods of teaching are kinds of instructional ways or activities used to guide the facilitation of learning in each phase of the instructional process. There can be hundreds of variations in it. Do you know what the four types of instructional methods are? The four types are information processing, behavioral, social interaction, and personal. Within each model, several strategies can be used. Strategies determine the approach a teacher may take to achieve learning objectives. The purpose of such methods is that it is an important aspect of teaching and learning to determine the activities of teachers and students. Appropriate instructional methods influence many motivational variables of learners such as a tendency to think critically. These methods can be used in a lesson plan in the following ways: lectures, cooperative learning, brainstorming, role-playing, videotapes, slides, direct teaching, and digital presentations.

The four main instructional methods of teaching are critical thinking, creative thinking, communicating, and collaborating. Teachers should opt for creative solutions to improve students’ academic performance. For example, using audio-visual teaching aids like educational videos, modules, demonstrations, picture cards, PowerPoint presentations, infographics, and animations is a great idea. Explaining lessons in the form of storytelling is again quite effective.  Teachers should communicate with not only active speakers of the class but also, students who are conservative and less vocal. Asking them questions in between lessons, one on one talk, and doubt resolution are some of the activities to improve teacher-student communication. These skills help students learn, and so they are vital to success in school and beyond. Critical thinking is a focused, careful analysis of something to better understand. All these teaching methods help teachers and students to excel in their respective fields. 

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