In a third world pre-industrial society like India, education can take people a long way. A lot of people find it difficult to afford even basic education because of the lack of resources they might have. This does not happen a lot in urban India but occurs more in rural India, where people not only have fewer resources and opportunities but also have more mouths to feed because of their ghettoized state. To get out of that state, they will require money, and in today’s advancing society, they will need at least secondary education, if not higher secondary education. So to combat this crisis, the Indian government came up with the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act was enacted on the 4th of August 2009. However, this policy is enacted all across the globe by different countries at different points in history. Plato’s book, The Republic, is credited with having popularized the concept of compulsory education in the Western hemisphere. His rationale was straightforward and easy to get behind – an ideal city would require ideal individuals, and ideal individuals would require an ideal education.
However, making compulsory education free is not easy. Hence, it is done only in government schools, because only government schools can afford it.
However, why is school education so important to the point where it is compulsory? Click here to find out.