Corporal punishment is punishment where a person harms another person with the intention of causing a certain degree of pain or discomfort to the latter. Corporal punishment is said to be the most widely prevalent type of abuse for students in the world, and it is inflicted upon them by either the teaching staff or in some cases, the non-teaching staff.
Much of the traditional culture that surrounds this form of extreme punishment in school is derived largely from the English-speaking world. The British used to use it in the 19th and 20th centuries quite extensively, especially when it came to the caning of teenage boys. There is a vast amount of mentions of this, in both popular and academic literature.
However there are advocates of school corporal punishment who argue that it provides an immediate response to indiscipline, and hence the student is quickly back in the learning mood, unlike much more severe penalties like suspension from school. However, corporal punishment has been proven to be completely and utterly ineffective in the long term, interfering with learning, leading to antisocial behavior as well as causing low self-esteem and other forms of mental distress in students, hence encouraging violence that breaches the rights of children. This type of punishment is still being used in several parts of the world, and several medical and psychology schools of thought are vehemently opposing it along with children’s rights activists.