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B.Ed Subjects


Teaching is regarded as one of the noblest professions, and it has long been one of the most popular career options among students. To work in schools as a teacher, you will need a B.Ed degree. Usually, it is a two-year-long course. 

The B.Ed includes a professional curriculum, and graduates can find jobs in a school setting soon after completing the degree.

B.Ed Eligibility

Candidates must have completed their bachelor’s degree in any subject to be eligible for a B.Ed (Arts, Science, or Commerce). The majority of universities do not have an age limit for B.Ed admissions. On the other hand, several B.Ed universities require applicants to be at least 19 years old.

B.Ed Subjects: An Overview of the Syllabus

Perspectives in Education, Curriculum and Pedagogic Studies, and Engagement with the Field are the three components of the B.Ed syllabus. The syllabus was designed with the intent of enhancing the educational standard and quality in India. The regular and distance courses’ B.Ed subjects, with the exception of IGNOU, follow the same pattern in all B.Ed colleges.

The B.Ed syllabus is divided into three sections: Core courses, Pedagogy courses, and Methodology courses, all of which are intended to enhance a teacher’s talents and involvement in the field. The B.Ed program is split into two years, each of which has two semesters.

The B.Ed subjects of the first semester are:

  • Childhood and Growing Up
  • Contemporary India and Education
  • Language Across the Curriculum 
  • Understanding ICT and its Application
  • Pedagogy of School Subject 1 – Part I 
  • Pedagogy of School Subject 2 – Part I 
  • School Exposure

The B.Ed subjects of the second semester are:

  • Learning and Teaching
  • Pedagogy of School Subject 1 – Part II
  • Pedagogy of School Subject 2 – Part II  
  • Knowledge and Curriculum
  • Assessment for Learning 
  • School Attachment
  • Community Living Camp

The B.Ed subjects of the third semester are:

  • Pre Internship
  • Internship

The B.Ed subjects of the fourth semester are:

  • Post Internship
  • Gender, School, and Society
  • Reading and Reflecting on Texts
  • Arts in Education
  • Understanding the Self
  • Creating an Inclusive School
  • Health, Yoga, and Physical Education

Detailed Structure of B.Ed Subjects

To get a clearer idea of the whole degree, it is always advised to go through the syllabus. The detailed structure of the whole curriculum is as follows:

Childhood and Growing Up

  • Learning as a Developing Individual
  • Development and Learning
  • Understanding Childhood in Socio-cultural Perspectives
  • Adolescence: Issues and Concerns
  • Stages of Child Development; Implications for Teachers

Language Across Curriculum

  • Language Background of Students
  • Nature of Classroom Discourse
  • Informational Reading and Writing

Understanding ICT and Applications

  • Introduction to Information and Communication Technology
  • ICT and Pedagogy
  • ICT for Assessment and Management
  • Primary School Engagement
  • Pedagogy of School Subjects like English, Mathematics, Science, Social Science, etc.

Learning and Teaching

  • Understanding the Learner
  • Understanding Learning
  • Learning from a Constructivist Perspective
  • Understanding Teaching
  • Teaching as a Profession
  • Pedagogy of School Subjects like English, Mathematics, Physical Science, etc. 

Knowledge and Curriculum

  • Forms of Knowledge and its Organization in Schools
  • Curriculum Determinants and Considerations
  • Curriculum Development at School Level
  • Curriculum Implementation and Renewal

Assessment for Learning

  • Overview of Assessment and Evaluation
  • Context of Assessment
  • The Procedure of Assessment
  • Data Analysis, Feedback, and Reporting
  • Issues and Directions Regarding Examination Reforms

Other B.Ed Subjects

  • Gender, School and Society: Gender Issues; Creating Gender-inclusive Classrooms.
  • Arts in Education: Visual Arts and Crafts, Performing Arts, etc.
  • Introduction to Understanding the Self: Professional Self and Ethics, Role of Teacher in Development, etc.
  • Creating an Inclusive School: Understanding Inclusion in Education, Understanding Diversity, Addressing Learner’s Diversity
  • Reading and Reflecting on Texts
  • Health, Yoga and Physical Education

Practical Sessions

  • Practical: Primary School Engagement 
  • Practical: Community Living Camp
  • Field Engagement

What’s next?
Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) graduates are qualified to teach in private schools at the primary, secondary, and senior secondary levels. Students must pass national or state-level teacher eligibility tests (TETs) such as CTET, UPTET, APTET, and TSTET to be hired in government schools.

To work as an Assistant Professor or Professor at a college or university, candidates must pass National Eligibility Tests (NETs) such as the UGC NET and the CSIR NET.

The Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) is a professional degree for which the candidate is eligible after completing their high school. On successfully achieving the degree, candidates can apply for various teaching positions in the private or public sector.  

We hope these insights into the B.Ed subjects give you a better understanding of the whole degree and help you advance on your chosen path.

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