Academic freedom is the freedom with which teachers and students get to express their perspective in learning, obtaining knowledge, or in research without any restrictions or interference of law or without being subjected to public pressure.
It is the primary allowance that includes the teachers’ and students’ rights to learn any subject that improves their knowledge and consists of the right to publish their work without any external control. Here the mentor gets an opportunity to teach the students and discuss the topics without any unreasonable interference. This freedom is entirely for society’s benefit; it ensures students’ comfort and the teachers’ ability to acquire knowledge.
This freedom builds a friendly relationship between teachers, students, and institutions. Through this, both the students and professors can interact without any fear of judgment by anyone. This freedom gives all rights to the professor as they are responsible for teaching.
This freedom enables students to track their performances through Academic Benchmarks. Through academic freedom, the teacher and student can show their objections over one’s opinion if it seems inappropriate to them.
An institution’s right to determine its curriculum to meet the students’ academic needs and the professor is known as institutional academic freedom. Simultaneously, when a professor has a right to frame the curriculum to quench their thirst for obtaining knowledge of his/her students, it comes under individual academic freedom.
Nowadays, academic freedom is absent in specific fields as teachers are forced to teach their students what is acceptable by the institutions. Here the students do not get a chance to obtain a complete knowledge of the subject. Hence the students may get a lack of practical experience of their learned conceptual understanding.
Academic freedom is limited to specific fields like mathematics, physics, and life sciences and is not seen in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. Regardless of everything, teachers should employ various methods and strategies to ensure that the students understand the concepts in the best possible manner.