The essence of Human Resource Development is education, which plays a crucial and corrective function in balancing the country’s socioeconomic fabric. Because India’s population are its most significant resource, our billion-strong nation requires nurturing and care in the form of basic education to improve its quality of life. This necessitates the whole development of our population, which may be accomplished by laying solid educational foundations. In order to carry out this purpose, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) was established on September 26, 1985, by amending the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. Currently, the MHRD is divided into two departments:
- Department of School Education & Literacy
- Department of Higher Education
While the Department of School Education and Literacy is in charge of school education and literacy development in the country, the Department of Higher Education oversees one of the world’s largest higher education systems, ranking third only to the United States and China.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development primary goals would be:
- Creating the National Education Policy and ensuring that it is followed in letter and spirit
- Development plans include expanding access and improving the quality of educational institutions across the country, even in areas where people do not have easy access to education.
- Paying special attention to vulnerable populations such as the poor, women, and minorities
- Scholarships, loan subsidies, and other forms of financial assistance should be made available to qualified students from underserved areas of society.
- Encouraging international cooperation in education, including collaboration with UNESCO, foreign governments, and universities, to improve educational possibilities in the country.