Learning Strategies

Learning is a complex process. One cannot remember everything that they hear or listen to. They have to put in the effort to memorize a concept or theory. Different learning strategies have to be employed to ensure that one retains the information and is able to use it. Naturally, the question arises, what are learning strategies? Learning strategies are operations or practices that students can do to ensure that they learn effectively.

1.Spaced Practice

Students have to revisit the material over and over to ensure that they retain the information. Mugging up before the exam is not going to do much good. While homework does play an important role in making students independent, to ensure that they understand the concepts and improve their academic performance, revisiting the study material at regular intervals is of paramount importance. This is similar to revision. This helps to feed the information into long-term memory.

2.Retrieval Practice

This is yet another effective learning strategy that is sure to help your students learn better. Asking the students to retrieve what they have learned without the help of any materials or textbooks will help them to recollect what they have learned. This can be an activity that is carried out in the classroom. For example, trying to remember the answer to a math question is more effective than looking up the answer in the study material. This boosts learning efficiency.

3.Elaboration

This is the process of presenting information in connection with the previous knowledge that a student might have. For example, hearing is something that people know about. How the ear works and its nuances is a lesser-known concept. Connect existing knowledge to the knowledge that is going to be presented. When students are able to connect the concepts, they will be able to learn more effectively.

4.Examples

Give your students concrete examples. Examples help to simplify concepts and this will make learning more efficient. For instance, if you are teaching poetic devices, you need to show your students what alliteration is and what simile is. Awesome Alliteration is an example of alliteration. He fought like a lion is an example of a simile. Similarly, students should be presented with concrete examples.

5.Words and Visuals

It goes without saying that a picture is worth a thousand words. No matter how much you describe what a flower would look like using words, the impact that a picture creates is far greater than the one created by words. While teaching and learning, this idea of dual coding should be kept in mind.

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